Toxicity of spiromesifen to the developmental stages of Bemisia tabaci biotype B

Svetlana Kontsedalov, Yuval Gottlieb, Isaac Ishaaya, A. Ralf Nauen, B. Rami Horowitz, Murad Ghanim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Spiromesifen is a novel insecticidal/acaricidal compound derived from spirocyclic tetronic acids that acts effectively against whiteflies and mites via inhibition of acetyl-CoA-carboxylase, a lipid metabolism enzyme. The effects of spiromesifen on the developmental stages of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) were studied under laboratory conditions to generate baseline action thresholds for field evaluations of the compound. RESULTS: Adult B. tabaci mortality rate after spiromesifen treatment (5 mg L-1) was 40%. Treatment with 0.5mg L-1 reduced fecundity per female by more than 80%, and fertility was almost nil. LC50 for eggs was 2.6 mg L-1, and for first instar 0.5 mg L-1. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that eggs laid by treated adult females had an abnormally perforated chorion, and females were unable to complete oviposition. Light and fluorescent microscopy showed significantly smaller eggs following treatment, and smaller, abnormally formed and improperly localized bacteriomes in eggs and nymphs. The number of ovarioles counted in females treated with 5 mg L -1 was significantly reduced. Spiromesifen showed no cross-resistance with other commonly used insecticides from different chemical groups, and resistance monitoring in Israel showed no development of field resistance to this insecticide after 1 year of use. CONCLUSION: The strong effect on juvenile stages of B. tabaci with a uniquemode of action and the absence of cross-resistance with major commonly used insecticides from different chemical groups suggest the use of spiromesifen in pest and resistance management programmes.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalPest Management Science
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bemisia tabaci
  • Insecticide
  • Resistance
  • Spiromesifen

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