Trade and the rate of income convergence

Dan Ben-David*, Ayal Kimhi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


To the extent that trade policy affects trade flows between countries, the ramifications can be far-reaching from an economic growth perspective. This paper examines one aspect of these ramifications, namely the impact of changes in the extent of trade between countries on changes in the rate of reduction in the size of the income gap that exists between them. Export and import data are used as the criteria for determining bilateral trade between major trade partners, resulting in the creation of 127 pairs of countries on the basis of export data and 134 pairs on the basis of import data. An increase in trade between major trade partners - and, in particular, increased exports by poorer countries to their wealthier partners - is shown to be related to an increase in the rate of convergence between the countries.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)419-441
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of International Trade and Economic Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Maurice Schiff and L. Alan Winters for their very useful comments and suggestions. Ben-David’s research was supported by the International Economics Division of the World Bank and by grants from the Sapir Center and the Armand Hammer Fund.


  • Convergence
  • Trade


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