Sesame is an important oil-crop worldwide. Complex tradeoffs between various yield components significantly affect the outcome yield. Our aims were to characterize the effect of genotype, environment and management, and their interactions, on yield components. Wild-type line, bearing a bicarpellate-capsule and three capsules per leaf axil, and its derived mutant-line, featuring one tetracarpellate-capsule per leaf axil, were analyzed under two irrigation regimes and three sowing-stands. Dissection of flower meristems and capsules showed larger placenta size and final capsule diameter in the mutant-line. Allelic segregation of F2 population revealed that the number of carpels per capsule demonstrates monogenic inheritance, whereas the number of capsules per leaf axil is a polygenic trait. A significant effect of genotype, irrigation and stand was observed on most yield components. While wild-type had more capsules per plant, the mutant-line compensated by increased seed number per capsule and consequently accumulated the same number of seeds per plant. Under either high intra-row or inter-row density, the branches number was reduced; however, the outcome yield was compensated by number of plants per area. While some yield components showed phenotypic-plasticity (branching), other traits were genetically stable (number of capsules per leaf axil and number of carpels per capsule). Our result shed-light on tradeoffs between yield components and on their underlying mechanisms.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported in part by the Chief Scientist of the Israeli Ministry of Agriculture (grant no. 837-0150-14 ), the Israel Association of Field Crop Growers and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem . We thank A. Avneri, N. Teboul, A. Palech, A. Jacobson and Dr. R. Hayouka for their invaluable assistance in the ﬁeld experiments.
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
- Capsule morphology
- Field stand
- Genotype × Environment × Management interaction
- Phenotypic plasticity
- Yield components