Trans-Vertical Mastectomy with Immediate Implant-Based Reconstruction: A Retrospective, Observational Study

Michael Scheflan*, Adi Maisel Lotan, Tanir M. Allweis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: In women with large and ptotic breasts who require a mastectomy and immediate, implant-based reconstruction, long flaps pose a high risk for flap ischemia and necrosis. A new trans-vertical incision for skin-reducing mastectomy is described, which reduces the skin envelope and lifts the breast. Objectives: The authors sought to describe the new mastectomy access incision and assess its efficacy and safety when followed by immediate implant-based reconstruction. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 70 consecutive patients (101 breasts) with large and ptotic breasts who underwent a unilateral (n = 39; 55.7%) or bilateral (n = 31; 44.3%), skin-reducing mastectomy utilizing the trans-vertical approach for either breast cancer or risk reduction. All received immediate one-(n = 86; 85.5%) or two-stage (n = 15; 14.5%), implant-based reconstruction utilizing acellular dermal matrix. Results: Mean age was 50.1 years and mean body mass index was 25.6 kg/m2. After a median follow-up of 4.9 years, the number of breasts with minor and major complications was 21 (20.8%) and 26 (25.7%), respectively. The most common major complications were skin-flap necrosis (n = 12; 11.9%) and infection (n = 8; 7.9%). All occurred within 3 months postsurgically. There were 7 cases of capsular contracture (6.9%) and 5 reconstruction failures (5.0%). Higher body mass index (P> 0.01) and breast weight (P> 0.05) were associated with increased complication rates. According to BREAST-Q, 55/64 patients (85.9%) were somewhat or very satisfied with the aesthetic outcome. Conclusions: The trans-vertical approach is an effective, reproducible, and safe alternative to conventional skin-reducing mastectomy, with favorable aesthetic outcomes, in patients with large and ptotic breasts.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)733-742
Number of pages10
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - 21 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc.


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