Transformation of organic-inorganic hybrid films obtained by molecular layer deposition to photocatalytic layers with enhanced activity

Sergey Ishchuk, Dereje Hailu Taffa, Ori Hazut, Niv Kaynan, Roie Yerushalmi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


We present the transformation of organic-inorganic hybrid titanicone films formed by TiCl 4 as metal precursor and ethylene glycol (EG) using solvent-free MLD to highly active photocatalytic films. The photocatalytic activities of the films were investigated using hydroxyl-functionalized porphyrin as a spectroscopic marker. TEM imaging and electron diffraction, XPS, UV-vis spectroscopy, and spectroscsopic ellipsometry were employed for structural and composition analyses of the films. The photocatalytic activity of Ti-EG films was investigated for different anneal temperatures and compared to TiO 2 films prepared by ALD using TiCl 4 as metal precursor and H 2O (TiO 2 films). Overall, our results indicate that the photocatalytic activity of the thermally annealed Ti-EG film is about 5-fold increased compared to that of the TiO 2 film prepared by ALD for optimal process conditions. The combined results indicate that the structural and photocatalytic properties can be assigned to three states: (I) amorphous state, intermediate dye loading, low photocatalytic activity, (II) intermediate film state with both crystalline and amorphous regions, high dye loading, high catalytic activity, and (III) highly crystalline film with low dye loading and low photocatalytic activity. The formation of photocatalytic nanotubes (NTs) is demonstrated using sacrificial Ge nanowires (NWs) scaffolds to yield Ti-EG NT structures with controllable wall thickness structures and enhanced dye loading capacity. Our results demonstrate the feasibility and high potential of MLD to form metal oxides with high photocatalytic activity.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)7263-7269
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Issue number8
StatePublished - 28 Aug 2012


  • MLD
  • TiO
  • hybrid films
  • nanotubes
  • nanowires
  • photocatalysis


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