Transforming growth factor-β in intestinal epithelial differentiation and neoplasia (Review)

S. A. Lamprecht*, B. Schwartz, A. Glicksman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is a multifunctional regulator of cell growth. It has become increasingly clear that TGF-β action depends on the responsive cell types. Thus TGF-β stimulates proliferation of mesenchymal cells and, in contrast, inhibits the growth of a large variety of epithelial cells. Recent studies, albeit controversial, support the notion that a gradient in mRNA transcripts encoding TGF-β is maintained along the crypt-villus continuum of the small intestine in close correlation with the stage of differentiation of the enterocyte. Exogenous TGF-β has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of a non-transformed rat jejunal crypt cell line. Additional salient findings have indicated that colon carcinoma cell lines recalcitrant to the restraining action of TGF-β on proliferation are poorly differentiated, and that moderately differentiated colon tumor lines do retain, at least partly, their responsiveness to TGF-β. To the best of our knowledge, no evidence is available pertaining to a contributory role of TGF-β in the signalling mechanisms regulating growth and differentiation of normal colonic epithelial cells. In addition, we are ignorant of whether the interesting findings related to a functional relationship between TGF-β and colon carcinoma cells lines (vide supra) are applicable to colonic preneoplastic and tumor cells in their natural habitat. In this review, we dwell on the available facts and missing observations, and present conceivable hypotheses pertaining to a putative role of TGF-β in colon differentiation and neoplasia.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1877-1882
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume9
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • colon
  • diferentiation
  • growth factors
  • neoplasia
  • small intestine
  • transforming growth factor-β

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