TroCCAP recommendations for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of parasitic infections in dogs and cats in the tropics

Filipe Dantas-Torres*, Jennifer Ketzis, Andrei D. Mihalca, Gad Baneth, Domenico Otranto, Gabriela Perez Tort, Malaika Watanabe, Bui Khanh Linh, Tawin Inpankaew, Pablo D. Jimenez Castro, Pablo Borrás, Sangaran Arumugam, Barend L. Penzhorn, Adrian Patalinghug Ybañez, Peter Irwin, Rebecca J. Traub

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The Tropical Council for Companion Animal Parasites Ltd. (TroCCAP) is a not-for-profit organisation whose mission is to independently inform, guide and make best-practice recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment and control of companion animal parasites in the tropics and sub-tropics, with the aim of protecting animal and human health. In line with this primary mission, TroCCAP recently developed guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and control of feline and canine parasites in the tropics. The development of these guidelines required unique and complex considerations to be addressed, often inapplicable to developed nations. Much of the tropics encompass middle-to-low income countries in which poor standards of environmental hygiene and large populations of stray dogs and cats coexist. In these regions, a range of parasites pose a high risk to companion animals, which ultimately may place their owners at risk of acquiring parasitic zoonoses. These considerations led to the development of unique recommendations with regard, for example, to deworming and endoparasite testing intervals for the control of both global and ‘region-specific’ parasites in the tropics. Moreover, the ‘off-’ or ‘extra’-label use of drugs for the treatment and control of parasitic infections is common practice in many tropical countries and many generic products lack manufacturers’ information on efficacy, safety, and quality control. Recommendations and advice concerning the use of such drugs and protocols are also addressed in these guidelines. The formation of these guidelines is an important first step towards improving the education of veterinarians specifically regarding best-practice for the diagnosis, treatment and control of canine and feline parasites in the tropics.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number109167
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.


  • Cat
  • Diagnosis
  • Dog
  • Ectoparasites
  • Endoparasites
  • Prevention
  • Treatment


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