TRPM5 activation depends on a synergistic effect of calcium and PKC phosphorylation

Alaa Nmarneh, Avi Priel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transient receptor potential melastatin 5 (TRPM5) is a calcium-activated monovalent-specific ion channel involved in insulin secretion and taste transduction, making it an attractive target for drug development in various pathologies. While TRPM5 activation involves ligand binding to Gq/G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) and subsequent elevation of intracellular calcium levels, recent reports suggest the need for additional molecular determinants. Hence, the mechanism of TRPM5 activation remains to be elucidated. Here, we show that PKC phosphorylation and the elevation of intracellular Ca2+ levels are required for TRPM5 activation, with PKC phosphorylation being crucial for channel-evoked currents, primarily at physiological membrane potentials. In contrast, physiological relevant calcium levels alone only induce TRPM5 activation at positive voltages. Our findings highlight the necessity of coordinated intracellular calcium release and PKC phosphorylation for TRPM5 activation. Thus, our results suggest that regulation of PKC activity could be a promising therapeutic target for diseases associated with TRPM5 modulation.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number369
JournalCommunications Biology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

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