Perovskite nanostructures, both hybrid organo-metal and fully inorganic perovskites, have gained a lot of interest in the past few years for their intriguing optical properties in the visible region. We report on inorganic cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) nanowires (NWs) having quantum confined dimensions corresponding to 5 unit cells. The addition of various hydrohalic acids (HX, X = Cl, Br, I) was found to highly affect the NW length, composition, and optical properties. Hydrochloric (HCl) and hydroiodic (HI) acids mixed in the reaction solution influence the crystal structure and optical properties and shorten the NWs, while the hydrobromic acid (HBr) addition results solely in shorter NWs, without any structural change. The addition of HX increases the acidity of the reaction solution, resulting in protonation of the oleylamine ligands from oleylamine into oleyl-ammonium cations that behave similarly to Cs+ during crystallization. Therefore, the positions of the Cs+ at the growing surface of the NWs are taken by the oleyl-ammonium cations, thus blocking further growth in the favored direction. The emission of the NWs is tunable between ∼423-505 nm and possesses a potential in the optoelectronic field. Moreover, electrical conductivity measurements of the NWs are discussed to give a new point of view regarding the conductivity of perovskite nanostructures.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank the China-Israel program and the Ministry of Energy for their support. D.P. is supported by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF grant 1589/14) and by the Minerva Centre for biohybrid complex systems. D.P. thanks the Etta and Paul Schankerman Chair of Molecular Biomedicine.
© 2017 American Chemical Society.
- All-inorganic perovskite
- electrical conductivity
- transmission electron microscopy