Tuning of the superconducting and ferromagnetic behavior by oxygen and hydrogen in Eu1.5Ce0.5RuSr2Cu2O10-δ

I. Felner*, U. Asaf, Y. Levi, O. Millo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Eu1.5Ce0.5RuSr2Cu2O10-δ is the first known Cu-O based material in which superconductivity (SC) and ferromagnetism (FM) coexist (Tc = 32 K, TM = 122 K). SC is confined to the CuO2 planes, and the magnetic ordering is due to the Ru sublattice. Macroscopic magnetization and resistivity measurements are combined with microscopic scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) studies. For the as-prepared (ASP) sample, the normal-state resistivity is characteristic of an under-doped SC compound. The hole doping in the CuO2 planes can be controlled with appropriate variation of the oxygen concentrations, obtained by annealing the ASP sample under various oxygen pressures. The effect of oxygen treatment is to shift both Tc and TM up to 49 and 225 K, respectively (when annealed under 150 atm). For a sample annealed under 75 atm, two SC transitions are found at 32 and 46 K. On the other hand, when hydrogen atoms are loaded, they occupy interstitial sites and suppress SC and enhance the FM properties of the Ru sublattice. This effect is reversible: namely, by depletion of hydrogen, SC is restored and TM drops back to its original value. STS measurements show that the ASP sample exhibits a variety of SC gaps, which tend to grow with oxygen content, while hydrogen charging induces phase separation into SC, normal and insulator regions, whose relative abundance depends on the hydrogen concentration.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the BSF (1998) and the Klachky Foundation for Superconductivity.


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