Two-dimensional solitons in periodically modulated double-well potentials

C. Sudheesh*, Nir Bar-Gill, Boris A. Malomed, Gershon Kurizki

*Corresponding author for this work

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We introduce a model of a two-dimensional (2D) self-attractive medium embedded into a quasi-1D symmetric double-well potential (DWP), whose depth is subject to periodic modulations (management). The model applies to matter waves in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), as well as to the nonlinear transmission of light (in spatial and temporal domains alike). It is known that, in the absence of the management, the DWP induces the spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) of 2D solitons, when their norm exceeds a critical value. Above the SSB point, symmetric solitons are unstable, while the system supports stable asymmetric ones. The DWP also admits Josephson oscillations of solitons between the two wells. We study effects of periodic modulations of the DWP's depth on the stability of symmetric, asymmetric, and oscillating solitons. Stability areas for the solitons of these three types are produced in the plane of the modulation frequency and amplitude. The shape of the stability borders is strongly affected by the proximity of the modulation frequency to the frequency of free oscillations of the soliton in the static DWP structure, the solitons being destroyed by the modulations with an arbitrarily small amplitude at the point of the exact resonance. Similar results are obtained for an extended 2D model, which combines the transverse DWP and a longitudinal periodic potential (optical lattice, in terms of BEC). The findings are compared with those reported in other recently studied management models for 1D and 2D solitons, which makes it possible to draw general conclusions about the stability limits of solitons under the resonant management.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number205304
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number20
StatePublished - 28 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


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