Two stripped envelope supernovae with circumstellar interaction: But only one really shows it

J. Sollerman, C. Fransson, C. Barbarino, C. Fremling, A. Horesh, E. Kool, S. Schulze, I. Sfaradi, S. Yang, E. C. Bellm, R. Burruss, V. Cunningham, K. De, A. J. Drake, V. Z. Golkhou, D. A. Green, M. Kasliwal, S. Kulkarni, T. Kupfer, R. R. LaherF. J. Masci, H. Rodriguez, B. Rusholme, D. R.A. Williams, L. Yan, J. Zolkower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context. We present observations of SN 2019tsf (ZTF19ackjszs) and SN 2019oys (ZTF19abucwzt). These two stripped envelope (SE) Type Ib supernovae (SNe) suddenly showed a (re-)brightening in their late light curves. We investigate this in the context of circumstellar material (CSM) interaction with previously ejected material, a phenomenon that is unusual among SE SNe. Aims. We use our follow-up photometry and spectroscopy for these supernovae to demonstrate the presence of CSM interaction, estimate the properties of the CSM, and discuss why the signals are so different for the two objects. Methods. We present and analyze observational data, consisting of optical light curves and spectra. For SN 2019oys, we also have detections in radio as well as limits from UV and X-rays. Results. Both light curves show spectacular re-brightening after about 100 days. In the case of SN 2019tsf, the re-brightening is followed by a new period of decline, and the spectra never show signs of narrow emission lines that would indicate CSM interaction. On the contrary, SN 2019oys made a spectral makeover from a Type Ib to a spectrum clearly dominated by CSM interaction at the light curve brightening phase. Deep Keck spectra reveal a plethora of narrow high-ionization lines, including coronal lines, and the radio observations show strong emission. Conclusions. The rather similar light curve behavior - with a late linear re-brightening - of these two Type Ib SE SNe indicate CSM interaction as the powering source. For SN 2019oys the evidence for a phase where the ejecta hit H-rich material, likely ejected from the progenitor star, is conspicuous. We observe strong narrow lines of H and He, but also a plethora of high-ionization lines, including coronal lines, revealing shock interaction. Spectral simulations of SN 2019oys show two distinct density components, one with density ≳ 109  cm-3, dominated by somewhat broader, low-ionization lines of H I, He I, Na I, and Ca II, and one with narrow, high-ionization lines at a density ∼106  cm-3. The former is strongly affected by electron scattering, while the latter is unaffected. The evidence for CSM interaction in SN 2019oys is corroborated by detections in radio. On the contrary, for SN 2019tsf, we find little evidence in the spectra for any CSM interaction.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberA79
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume643
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© ESO 2020.

Keywords

  • Supernovae: general

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