Typologies of Citizenship and Civic Education: From Ideal Types to a Reflective Tool

Aviv Cohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The field of democratic civic education continues to dominate theoretical and empirical studies, influencing practitioners in countries across the globe. This abundance of available, and at times competing, discourses creates a convoluted reality in which the assumptions, goals, and practices of democratic civic education are highly debated. One methodological approach that has been adopted to deal with this convoluted reality is the use of ideal types, which has led to the construction of numerous typologies of civic education. The goal of this review is to examine these typologies by offering a critical methodological discussion of their merits. The main argument to be presented is that such typologies should not be seen as external goals, guiding this process based on fixed desired ideals, but rather as an internal heuristic tool, offering a starting point for the process of selfreflection.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe Palgrave Handbook of Citizenship and Education
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783319678283
ISBN (Print)9783319678276
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.


  • Citizenship
  • Citizenship education
  • Civics
  • Classifications
  • Ideal types
  • Review
  • Typologies


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