Ultrafast rogue wave patterns in fiber lasers

A. V.I. Klein, Gilad Masri, Hamootal Duadi, Kfir Sulimany, Ohad Lib, Hadar Steinberg, Stanislav A. Kolpakov, Moti Fridman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fiber lasers are convenient for studying extreme and rare events, such as rogue waves, thanks to the lasers’ fast dynamics. Indeed, several types of rogue wave patterns were observed in fiber lasers at different time-scales: single peak, twin peak, and triple peak. We measured the statistics of these ultrafast rogue wave patterns with a time lens and developed a numerical model proving that the patterns of the ultrafast rogue waves were generated by the non-instantaneous relaxation of the saturable absorber together with the polarization mode dispersion of the cavity. Our results indicate that the dynamics of the saturable absorber is directly related to the dynamics of ultrafast extreme events in lasers.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)774-778
Number of pages5
JournalOptica
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jul 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Optical Society of America.

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