Antiviral compounds are important for generating sterile surfaces. Here, two extremely short peptides, DOPA-Phe-NH2 and DOPA-Phe(4F)-NH2 that can self-assemble into spherical nanoparticles with antiviral activity are presented. The peptide assemblies possess excellent antiviral activity against bacteriophage T4 with antiviral minimal inhibitory concentrations of 125 and 62.5 µg mL−1, for DOPA-Phe-NH2 and DOPA-Phe(4F)-NH2, respectively. When the peptide assemblies are applied on a glass substrate by drop-casting, they deactivate more than 99.9% of bacteriophage T4 and Canine coronavirus. Importantly, the peptide assemblies have low toxicity toward mammalian cells. Overall, the findings can provide a novel strategy for the design and development of antiviral coatings for a decreased risk of viral infections.
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© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Materials Interfaces published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- bacteriophage T4