Unstable periodic orbits in the stadium billiard

Ofer Biham*, Mark Kvale

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


A systematic numerical technique for the calculation of unstable periodic orbits in the stadium billiard is presented. All of the periodic orbits up to order p=11 are calculated and then used to calculate the average Lyapunov exponent and the topological entropy. Applications to semiclassical quantization and to experiments in mesoscopic systems and microwave cavities are noted.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)6334-6339
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


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