Unsteady granular flows down an inclined plane

Stanislav Parez, Einat Aharonov, Renaud Toussaint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The continuum description of granular flows is still a challenge despite their importance in many geophysical and industrial applications. We extend previous works, which have explored steady flow properties, by focusing on unsteady flows accelerating or decelerating down an inclined plane in the simple shear configuration. We solve the flow kinematics analytically, including predictions of evolving velocity and stress profiles and the duration of the transient stage. The solution shows why and how granular materials reach steady flow on slopes steeper than the angle of repose and how they decelerate on shallower slopes. The model might facilitate development of natural hazard assessment and may be modified in the future to explore unsteady granular flows in different configurations.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number042902
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Physical Society.

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