Unveiling the relationship between WWOX and BRCA1 in mammary tumorigenicity and in DNA repair pathway selection

Tirza Bidany-Mizrahi, Aya Shweiki, Kian Maroun, Lina Abu-Tair, Bella Mali, Rami I. Aqeilan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide, with the basal-like or triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype being particularly aggressive and challenging to treat. Understanding the molecular mechanisms driving the development and progression of TNBC is essential. We previously showed that WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) is commonly inactivated in TNBC and is implicated in the DNA damage response (DDR) through ATM and ATR activation. In this study, we investigated the interplay between WWOX and BRCA1, both frequently inactivated in TNBC, on mammary tumor development and on DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair choice. We generated and characterized a transgenic mouse model (K14-Cre;Brca1fl/fl;Wwoxfl/fl) and observed that mice lacking both WWOX and BRCA1 developed basal-like mammary tumors and exhibited a decrease in 53BP1 foci and an increase in RAD51 foci, suggesting impaired DSB repair. We examined human TNBC cell lines harboring wild-type and mutant BRCA1 and found that WWOX expression promoted NHEJ repair in cells with wild-type BRCA1. Our findings suggest that WWOX and BRCA1 play an important role in DSB repair pathway choice in mammary epithelial cells, underscoring their functional interaction and significance in breast carcinogenesis.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number145
JournalCell Death Discovery
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Mar 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024.

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