Background The MitraClip (MC) procedure was designed for high-risk surgical patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Some patients do not meet the required anatomical criteria due to advanced left ventricular remodelling and mitral annular dilatation leading to leaflet tethering and insufficient coaptation surface. Theoretically, 'temporary remodelling' of the mitral valve apparatus by pharmacological and/or mechanical support using intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) could improve leaflets coaptation. Case summary We report a case series of four patients with severe MR and non-coapting leaflets who underwent MC implantation. Sufficient coaptation was achieved only after insertion of IABP. The first patient presented with worsening heart failure and severe MR after a non-reperfused posterior wall myocardial infarction (MI), underwent a successful procedure with good results. The second patient presented with worsening heart failure secondary to rheumatic MR, and underwent MC procedure with good results after the insertion of IABP. The third patient developed worsening heart failure and severe MR 2 months after an acute inferior-lateral MI, and underwent a successful procedure. The fourth patient presented with respiratory failure, the patient underwent the procedure, but unfortunately died a few days following the procedure from multiorgan failure. In each case, the insertion of the IABP decreased annular mitral diameter and increased the coaptation surface as assessed by transoesophageal echocardiography. Discussion For patients suffering from symptomatic severe MR who are not suitable candidates for MC procedure, IABP system enabled us to overcome mitral leaflet gap and complete the MC procedure successfully.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.
- Case series
- Edge-to-edge mitral valve repair
- Intra-aortic balloon pump
- Mitral regurgitation