Vaccination against canine leishmaniasis in Brazil

Filipe Dantas-Torres*, Fábio dos Santos Nogueira, Ingrid Menz, Paulo Tabanez, Sydnei Magno da Silva, Vitor Márcio Ribeiro, Guadalupe Miró, Luís Cardoso, Christine Petersen, Gad Baneth, Gaetano Oliva, Laia Solano-Gallego, Lluís Ferrer, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Patrick Bourdeau, Carla Maia, Domenico Otranto, Luigi Gradoni, Orin Courtenay, Carlos Henrique Nery Costa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Prevention of canine Leishmania infantum infection is critical to management of visceral leishmaniasis in people living in endemic areas of Brazil. A bill (PL 1738/11), currently under consideration, proposes to establish a national vaccination policy against canine leishmaniasis in Brazil. However, there is no solid scientific evidence supporting the idea that this could reduce transmission from infected vaccinated dogs to sand flies to a level that would significantly reduce the risk of L. infantum infection or visceral leishmaniasis in humans. Thus, we advocate that insecticide-impregnated collars should the first line protective measure for public health purposes and that vaccines are applied on a case-by-case, optional basis for individual dog protection.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Australian Society for Parasitology


  • Leishmania
  • Prevention
  • Topical insecticides
  • Vaccination
  • Zoonosis


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