Value-differentiation and self-esteem among majority and immigrant youth

Ella Daniel*, Klaus Boehnke, Ariel Knafo-Noam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


As they inhabit complex social worlds, adolescents often learn competing values, resulting in value-differentiation, within-individual variability in value importance across contexts. But what are the implications of value-differentiation across age groups and cultures? A study of 4007 adolescents aged 11 to 18 (M = 14.41, SD = 2.16), of three Israeli groups (majority, former Soviet Union immigrants, Arabs) discovered negative relations between value-differentiation and self-esteem, suggesting that confusion may result from value incoherence. The relations were stronger among younger adolescents than older ones and were especially strong among younger first-generation immigrant adolescents, pointing to the need to address the value-differentiation of immigrant adolescents.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)338-353
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Moral Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Journal of Moral Education Ltd.


  • Values
  • adolescence
  • cross-cultural psychology
  • self-esteem
  • value-differentiation


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