Values and National Identification in Minority and Majority Youth: Longitudinal Multi-Study Findings

Maya Benish-Weisman*, Ella Daniel, Einat Elizarov, Noga Sverdlik, Peter F. Titzmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Collective identification is vital for adolescents, fostering well-being and connection, but scant attention has been given to drivers of national identification and their contextual variations in youth. To address this, two longitudinal studies examined how values, as guiding goals defining what individuals consider important in their lives, relate to the trajectory of national identification in majority and minority youth. Study 1 (N = 568; Mage = 16.24, SD = 0.71) and Study 2 (N = 678; Mage = 13.78, SD = 0.73) focused on majority youth (Jewish-Israelis), while Study 2 also included minority (Arab citizens of Israel). The findings highlight values as important motivators of national identification over time. Conservation values, emphasizing the preservation of the status quo and a preference for stability, were prominent motivators for the majority of adolescents. In contrast, power values, which center around climbing the social ladder and accumulating wealth, held greater significance among their minority counterparts; however, both sets of values correlated with increased national identification. The discussion touches on motivations underlying national identification, their contextual diversity, and implications for future studies.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.


  • Adolescents
  • Identity
  • Majority
  • Minority
  • National identification
  • Values


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