Values and work environment: Mapping 32 occupations

Ariel Knafo*, Lilach Sagiv

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


The study addresses the relationship between values and occupations. Israeli workers (N=652; mean age=47; 43% male) in 32 occupations reported their values using the Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz, Melech, Lehmann, Burgess, Harris, & Owens, 2001), and value scores were aggregated within occupations. Occupations were classified according to the Holland (1985) typology. Enterprising work environments correlated negatively with universalism values. Social environments correlated positively with benevolence and universalism values and negatively with power and achievement. The artistic environment correlated negatively with conformity values. Investigative environments correlated positively with self-direction values and negatively with tradition. A COPLOT analysis of occupational value priorities yielded meaningful clusters of occupations, each characterized by a distinct value profile, and fitting the Holland typology. The findings point to the importance of values in vocational behavior.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)255-273
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work of the first author was supported by a Kreitman Foundation fellowship, while he was at Ben Gurion University. This project was supported by a grant from the Recanati Fund of the School of Business Administration at the Hebrew University to the second author. Data collection was supported by grants from The Israel Science Foundation (grant No. 921/02-1) and from the NCJW Center for Development in Education to Shalom Schwartz.


  • Career Development
  • Occupational choice
  • Values
  • Work environment


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