Values as protective factors against violent behavior in Jewish and Arab high schools in Israel

Ariel Knafo*, Ella Daniel, Mona Khoury-Kassabri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


This study tested the hypothesis that values, abstract goals serving as guiding life principles, become relatively important predictors of adolescents' self-reported violent behavior in school environments in which violence is relatively common. The study employed a students-nested-in-schools design. Arab and Jewish adolescents (N = 907, M age = 16.8), attending 33 Israeli schools, reported their values and their own violent behavior. Power values correlated positively, and universalism and conformity correlated negatively with self-reported violent behavior, accounting for 12% of the variance in violent behavior, whereas school membership accounted for 6% of the variance. In schools in which violence was more common, power values' relationship with adolescents' self-reported violence was especially positive, and the relationship of universalism with self-reported violence was especially negative.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-667
Number of pages16
JournalChild Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2008

RAMBI Publications

  • Rambi Publications
  • Education, Secondary -- Israel
  • Deviant behavior -- Israel
  • Crime -- Israel
  • Criminals -- Israel
  • Palestinian Arabs -- Education -- Israel


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