Vanadium dioxide nanogrid films for high transparency smart architectural window applications

Chang Liu, Igal Balin, Shlomo Magdassi, Ibrahim Abdulhalim, Yi Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


This study presents a novel approach towards achieving high luminous transmittance (Tlum) for vanadium dioxide (VO2) thermochromic nanogrid films whilst maintaining the solar modulation ability (ΔTsol). The perforated VO2-based films employ orderly-patterned nano-holes, which are able to favorably transmit visible light dramatically but retain large near-infrared modulation, thereby enhancing ΔTsol. Numerical optimizations using parameter search algorithms have implemented through a series of Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) simulations by varying film thickness, cell periodicity, grid dimensions and variations of grid arrangement. The best performing results of Tlum (76.5%) and ΔTsol (14.0%) are comparable, if not superior, to the results calculated from nanothermochromism, nanoporosity and biomimic nanostructuring. It opens up a new approach for thermochromic smart window applications.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)A124-A132
JournalOptics Express
Issue number3
StatePublished - 9 Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Optical Society of America.


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