Vapor and healing treatment for CH3NH3PbI3-xClx films toward large-area perovskite solar cells

Laxman Gouda, Ronen Gottesman, Shay Tirosh, Eynav Haltzi, Jiangang Hu, Adam Ginsburg, David A. Keller, Yaniv Bouhadana, Arie Zaban*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Hybrid methyl-ammonium lead trihalide perovskites are promising low-cost materials for use in solar cells and other optoelectronic applications. With a certified photovoltaic conversion efficiency record of 20.1%, scale-up for commercial purposes is already underway. However, preparation of large-area perovskite films remains a challenge, and films of perovskites on large electrodes suffer from non-uniform performance. Thus, production and characterization of the lateral uniformity of large-area films is a crucial step towards scale-up of devices. In this paper, we present a reproducible method for improving the lateral uniformity and performance of large-area perovskite solar cells (32 cm2). The method is based on methyl-ammonium iodide (MAI) vapor treatment as a new step in the sequential deposition of perovskite films. Following the MAI vapor treatment, we used high throughput techniques to map the photovoltaic performance throughout the large-area device. The lateral uniformity and performance of all photovoltaic parameters (Voc, Jsc, Fill Factor, Photo-conversion efficiency) increased, with an overall improved photo-conversion efficiency of ∼100% following a vapor treatment at 140 °C. Based on XRD and photoluminescence measurements, We propose that the MAI treatment promotes a "healing effect" to the perovskite film which increases the lateral uniformity across the large-area solar cell. Thus, the straightforward MAI vapor treatment is highly beneficial for large scale commercialization of perovskite solar cells, regardless of the specific deposition method.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)6386-6392
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - 28 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

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© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.


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