Variable density effect of self-assembled polarizable monolayers on the electronic properties of silicon

Naama Peor, Ruthy Sfez, Shlomo Yitzchaik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Electronic structures at the Si/SiO2/molecule interfaces were studied by Kelvin probe techniques (contact potential difference) and compared to theoretical values derived by the Helmholtz equation. Two parameters influencing the electronic properties of n-type 〈100〉 Si/SiO 2 substrates were systematically tuned: the molecular dipole of coupling agent molecules comprising the layer and the surface coverage of the chromophoric layer. The first parameter was checked using direct covalent grafting of a series of trichlorosilane-containing coupling agent molecules with various end groups causing a different dipole with the same surface number density. It was found that the change in band bending (ΔBB) clearly indicated a major effect of passivation due to two-dimensional polysiloxane network formation, with minor differences resulting from the differences in the end groups' capacity to act as "electron traps". The change in electron affinity (ΔEA) parameter increased upon increasing the dipole of the end group comprising the monolayer, resulting in a range of 600 mV. Moreover, a shielding effect of the aromatic spacer compared with the aliphatic spacer was found and estimated to be about 200 mV. The density effect was examined using the 4-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino phenyl)azo]pyridinium halide chromophore which has a calculated dipole of more than 10 D. It was clearly shown that upon increasing surface chromophoric coverage an increase in the electronic effects on the Si substrate was observed. However, a major consequence of depolarization was also detected while comparing the experimental and calculated values.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4158-4165
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - 26 Mar 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Variable density effect of self-assembled polarizable monolayers on the electronic properties of silicon'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this