Vector-borne diseases - Constant challenge for practicing veterinarians: Recommendations from the CVBD World Forum

Gad Baneth*, Patrick Bourdeau, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Dwight Bowman, Edward Breitschwerdt, Gioia Capelli, Luís Cardoso, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Michael Day, Jean Pierre Dedet, Gerhard Dobler, Lluís Ferrer, Peter Irwin, Volkhard Kempf, Babara Kohn, Michael Lappin, Susan Little, Ricardo Maggi, Guadalupe Mirá, Torsten NauckeGaetano Oliva, Domenico Otranto, Banie Penzhorn, Martin Pfeffer, Xavier Roura, Angel Sainz, Susan Shaw, Sungshik Shin, Laia Solano-Gallego, Reinhard Straubinger, Rebecca Traub, Alexander Trees, Uwe Truyen, Thierry Demonceau, Ronan Fitzgerald, Diego Gatti, Joe Hostetler, Bruce Kilmer, Klemens Krieger, Norbert Mencke, Cláudio Mendão, Lourdes Mottier, Stefan Pachnicke, Bob Rees, Susanne Siebert, Dorothee Stanneck, Montserrat Tarancán Mingote, Cristiano Von Simson, Sarah Weston

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


The human-animal bond has been a fundamental feature of mankind's history for millennia. The first, and strongest of these, man's relationship with the dog, is believed to pre-date even agriculture, going back as far as 30,000 years. It remains at least as powerful today. Fed by the changing nature of the interactions between people and their dogs worldwide and the increasing tendency towards close domesticity, the health of dogs has never played a more important role in family life. Thanks to developments in scientific understanding and diagnostic techniques, as well as changing priorities of pet owners, veterinarians are now able, and indeed expected, to play a fundamental role in the prevention and treatment of canine disease, including canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs). The CVBDs represent a varied and complex group of diseases, including anaplasmosis, babesiosis, bartonellosis, borreliosis, dirofilariosis, ehrlichiosis, leishmaniosis, rickettsiosis and thelaziosis, with new syndromes being uncovered every year. Many of these diseases can cause serious, even life-threatening clinical conditions in dogs, with a number having zoonotic potential, affecting the human population. Today, CVBDs pose a growing global threat as they continue their spread far from their traditional geographical and temporal restraints as a result of changes in both climatic conditions and pet dog travel patterns, exposing new populations to previously unknown infectious agents and posing unprecedented challenges to veterinarians. In response to this growing threat, the CVBD World Forum, a multidisciplinary group of experts in CVBDs from around the world which meets on an annual basis, gathered in Nice (France) in 2011 to share the latest research on CVBDs and discuss the best approaches to managing these diseases around the world. As a result of these discussions, we, the members of the CVBD Forum have developed the following recommendations to veterinarians for the management of CVBDs.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number55
JournalParasites and Vectors
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors declare that they have no competing interests. The authors are members of the CVBD World Forum. The CVBD World Forum was founded during the 1st International CVBD Symposium in April 2006 in Billesley, UK, as a consequence of the increasing global threats through vector-borne diseases. The CVBD World Forum is supported by Bayer Animal Health.


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