Vehicle routing with pick-up and delivery: Tour-partitioning heuristics

Gur Mosheiov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Many applications of the classical vehicle routing problem involve pick-up and delivery services between the depot and peripheral locations (warehouses, stores, stations). This paper studies an important version of the vehicle routing problem with pick-up and delivery (the so-called delivery and backhaul problem): delivery in our case refers to transportation of goods from the depot to customers, and pick-up (backhaul) refers to shipment from customers to the depot. The objective is to find a set of vehicle routes that service customers such that vehicle capacity is not violated and the total distance traveled is minimized. Tour partitioning heuristics for solving the capacitated vehicle routing problem are based on breaking a basic tour into disjoint segments served by different vehicles. This idea is adapted for solving the delivery and backhaul problem. Two heuristics that focus on efficient utilization of vehicles' capacities are introduced, analyzed and tested numerically.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)669-684
Number of pages16
JournalComputers and Industrial Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998


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