Verification of open systems

Orna Kupferman, Moshe Y. Vardi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In order to check whether an open system satisfies a desired property, we need to check the behavior of the system with respect to an arbitrary environment. In the most general setting, the environment is another open system. Given an open system M and a property ψ, we say that M robustly satisfies ψ iff for every open system M′, which serves as an environment to M, the composition M∥M′ satisfies ψ. The problem of robust model checking is then to decide, given M and ψ, whether M robustly satisfies ψ. In essence, robust model checking focuses on reasoning algorithmically about interaction. In this work we study the robust-model-checking problem. We consider systems modeled by nondeterministic Moore machines, and properties specified by branching temporal logic (for linear temporal logic, robust satisfaction coincides with usual satisfaction). We show that the complexity of the problem is EXPTIME-complete for CTL and the μ-calculus, and is 2EXPTIME-complete for CTL*. Thus, from a complexity-theoretic perspective, robust satisfaction behaves like satisfiability, rather than like model checking.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationInteractive Computation
Subtitle of host publicationThe New Paradigm
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)354034666X, 9783540346661
StatePublished - 2006


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