Videoconferencing in Legal Hearings and Procedural Justice

Roni Factor*, Dana Kariti, Hagit Lernau, Danielle Yaffe Ayubi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The use of videoconferencing (VC) technology in legal hearings has been expanding recently. However, the effects of using VC in court hearings on different elements of procedural justice have not yet been widely investigated. Systematic observations conducted in 370 extension-of-detention hearings were used to compare the court settings and dimensions of procedural justice between hearings where the detainee was present in person vs. through VC. Multivariate regression analysis indicates that the voice, respect, and neutrality elements of procedural justice are significantly lower in VC hearings than in-person hearings, controlling for various variables. The findings suggest that legal bodies should consider measures to improve the quality of procedural justice during VC hearings, thereby improving satisfaction and acceptance of courts’ decisions.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1557-1579
Number of pages23
JournalVictims and Offenders
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Videoconferencing
  • detention during investigation hearings
  • procedural justice
  • systematic observations


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