Vitamin D reduces renal NaPi-2 in PTH-infused rats: Complexity of vitamin D action on renal Pi handling

M. M. Friedlaender*, H. Wald, M. Dranitzki-Elhalel, H. K. Zajicek, M. Levi, M. M. Popovtzer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute administration of dihydroxycholecalciferol [1,25(OH)2D3] blunts phosphaturia and increases urinary cAMP excretion in parathyroid hormone (PTH)-infused parathyroidectomized (PTX) rats. Because chronic administration of 1,25(OH)2D3 enhances the phosphaturic response to exogenous parathyroid hormone despite blunting of urinary cAMP excretion, we have examined the expression of the renal cortex type II Na-Pi cotransporter (NaPi-2) mRNA and protein in 1) chronic PTX Sabra rats, 2) PTX rats receiving a physiological dose of 1,25(OH)-2-D3, 3) PTX rats receiving 35 ng/h of PTH, and 4) rats receiving both PTH and 1,25(OH)2D3, for 7 days via osmotic minipumps. Our results confirm that there is increased phosphaturia in the PTH+1,25(OH)2D3-infused animals despite blunting of urinary cAMP excretion, a reduced filtered load of phosphate, and lack of a phosphaturic effect by 1,25(OH)2D3 alone. Both PTH and 1,25(OH)2D3 significantly reduced expression of renal cortex NaPi-2 mRNA and NaPi-2 protein, and the administration of PTH together with 1,25(OH)2D3 had additive effects in further decreasing NaPi-2 mRNA and NaPi-2 protein levels. Expression of two other epithelial transporters, type 1 Na-sulfate and type 1 Na-glucose cotransporters, were not different between the groups, suggesting specificity of the effects of PTH and 1,25(OH)2D3 on phosphate transport. The effect of chronic administration of 1,25(OH)2D3 has not been noted previously, and the cellular mechanisms and signaling processes that mediate the decrease in NaPi-2 remain to be determined.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)F428-F433
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume281
Issue number3 50-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dihydroxycholecalciferol
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Parathyroid hormone receptor
  • Phosphaturia
  • Type II sodium-phosphate cotransporter

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