Watch My Back, I Will Flourish: Secure-Base and Promotion-Tasks

Michal Lehmann, Avraham N. Kluger, Michal M. Schödl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report five studies that examine a nurturing relationship with the supervisor as an antecedent of promotion focus, a motivation reflecting exploration, creativity, and attention to gains versus non-gains. We hypothesize that supervisors who provide a secure base for their employees will increase the employees’ state-promotion focus and create a preference for engaging in promotion tasks over prevention tasks. We tested our hypotheses across five studies (N = 822): a correlational-field study, and four vignette experiments, and performed a mini-meta analysis of all studies that showed support for our hypothesis. Overall, our work suggests a theoretical link and an empirical test of two seminal theories, and sheds light on practical ways to affect employee-task preference at work through fulfilling relationships.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)369-394
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Management, Spirituality and Religion
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Association of Management, Spirituality & Religion.


  • Attachment theory
  • leadership
  • motivation
  • promotion focus
  • regulatoryfocus theory


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