Weathering resistance of carbonate fault mirrors promotes rupture localization

R. Goldberg, S. Siman-Tov, S. Emmanuel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fractured rocks in fault zones regain their mechanical strength through a process called healing. A central pathway for healing involves the dissolution and reprecipitation of minerals in the fault zone which cements the fractured rocks during interseismic periods. However, some faults contain highly polished surfaces - coated in a thin nanoparticle layer - along which slip is localized. Crucially, these surfaces show little evidence of postseismic mineralization and healing. Here we use atomic force microscopy to show that naturally polished rocks from carbonate fault zones are resistant to dissolution, in stark contrast to the reactive minerals that make up the fault breccia. Our results suggest that the low reactivity of the nanoparticle layer could retard healing, helping to maintain the localization of the fault zone between seismic slip events. As fault localization affects seismic motion, the geochemical reactivity of fault mirrors could be an important control on seismicity along faults.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3105-3111
Number of pages7
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Keywords

  • dolostone
  • erosion
  • limestone

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