West Nile virus neutralizing antibody prevalence in donkeys from northern Nigeria

Idoko Sunday Idoko, Gili Schvartz, Sharon Tirosh-Levy, Oran Erster, Jibril Yakubu Jibril, Andrew Musa Adamu, Simon Ikechukwu Enem, Jude Nduka Omeje, Wesley Daniel Nafarnda, Amir Steinman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of anti-West Nile virus (WNV) neutralizing antibodies in donkeys from two areas in northern Nigeria. Methods: Serology was determined by a virus neutralization test in samples collected from 205 healthy adult donkeys. Results: Fifty-seven donkeys (27.8%) tested seropositive for WNV. Donkeys from Zaria were 2.6 timesmore likely to have been exposed to WNV (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that this zoonotic pathogen is prevalent in these areas and that measures should be implemented to reduce the risk for both humans and equids.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)566-568
Number of pages3
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2021

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  • Nigeria
  • West Nile virus
  • donkey
  • serology


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