Why did a majority of French voters reject the European Constitution?

Raphaël Franck*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This article assesses the reasons that led a majority of French voters to reject the 29 October 2004 Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe. Their reasons are less connected with the Treaty itself than with a fear of loss of national sovereignty, immigration, and relocation of firms to European countries where the workforce is cheaper.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1071-1076
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Political Economy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • European constitution
  • French referendum


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