The widespread form of Castleman disease is a rare condition that has been recognized only recently as a disease with an aggressive, often malignant course tomographic (CT) findings in six patients with this condition and ultrasound (US) findings in four of the six. CT demonstrated splenomegaly and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy in all six patients. In one patient, CT also showed additional widespread mesenteric and peripancreatic lymphadenopathy, a large mesenteric mass adherent to the descending colon in another, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy in a third. Three patients had peripheral axillary or inguinal lymphadenopathy. Enlarged lymph nodes were 1-4 cm in diameter, and none displayed contrast enhancement on CT scans obtained with drip infusion of contrast media. On US scans, the nodes were poorly echogenic in all four cases. In no case was focal liver or splenic infiltration seen on either CT of US scans.