Within-person variations in self-focused attention and negative affect in depression and anxiety: A diary study

Nilly Mor*, Leah D. Doane, Emma K. Adam, Susan Mineka, Richard E. Zinbarg, James W. Griffith, Michelle G. Craske, Allison Waters, Maria Nazarian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


This study examined within-person co-occurrence of self-focus, negative affect, and stress in a community sample of adolescents with or without emotional disorders. As part of a larger study, 278 adolescents were interviewed about emotional disorders. Later, they completed diary measures over three days, six times a day, reporting their current thoughts, affect, and levels of stress. Negative affect was independently related to both concurrent stress and self-focus. Importantly, the association between negative affect and self-focus was stronger among participants with a recent unipolar mood disorder, compared to those with an anxiety disorder, comorbid anxiety and depression, or those without an emotional disorder. The implications of these findings to theories of self-focus and its role in emotional disorders are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)48-62
Number of pages15
JournalCognition and Emotion
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Correspondence should be addressed to: Nilly Mor, School of Education, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, 91905, Israel. E-mail: nmor@huji.ac.il This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grants R01 MH65651 and R01 MH65652, by the Patricia M Nielsen Research Chair of the Family Institute at Northwestern University, and by the William T. Grant foundation.


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Negative affect
  • Self-focus
  • Within-person


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