Xpander: Unveiling the secrets of high-performance datacenters

Asaf Valadarsky, Michael Dinitz, Michael Schapira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many architectures for high-performance datacenters have been proposed. Surprisingly, recent studies show that datacenter designs with random network topologies outperform more sophisticated designs, achieving near-optimal throughput and bisection bandwidth, high resiliency to failures, incremental expandability, high cost efficiency, and more. Unfortunately, the inherent unstructuredness and unpredictability of random designs pose serious, arguably insurmountable, obstacles to their adoption in practice. Can these guarantees be achieved by well-structured, deterministic datacenters? We provide a surprising affirmative answer. We show, through a combination of theoretical analyses, extensive simulations, and experiments with a network emulator, that any "expander" network topology (as indeed are random graphs) comes with these benefits. We leverage this insight to present Xpander, a novel deterministic datacenter architecture that achieves all of the above desiderata while providing a tangible alternative to existing datacenter designs. We discuss challenges en route to deploying Xpander (including physical layout, cabling costs and complexity, backwards compatibility) and explain how these can be resolved.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, HotNets-XIV 2015
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
ISBN (Electronic)9781450340472
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Nov 2015
Event14th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, HotNets-XIV 2015 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 16 Nov 201517 Nov 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 14th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, HotNets-XIV 2015

Conference

Conference14th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, HotNets-XIV 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period16/11/1517/11/15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright 2015 ACM.

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