Zooming into sub-organellar localization of reactive oxygen species in guard cell chloroplasts during abscisic acid and methyl jasmonate treatments

Yehoram Leshem, Alex Levine*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regulation of stomata movements is crucial for plants ability to cope with their changing environment. Guard cell's (GC) water potential directs water fux inside/outside this cell, which eventually is causing the stoma to open or close, respectively. Some of the osmolytes which accumulates in the GC cytoplasm and are known to play a role in stomata opening are sugars, arising from chloroplast starch degradation. During stomata closure, the accumulated osmolytes are removed from the GC cytoplasm. Surprisingly little is known about prevention of starch degradation and forming additional sugars which may interfere with osmotic changes that are necessary for correct closure of stomata. One of the early events leading to stomata closure is production of reactive oxygen species (rOS) in various sub-cellular sites and organelles of the stoma. here we report that rOS production during abscisic acid (aBa) and methyl jasmonate (mJ) stimuli in Arabidopsis GC chloroplasts were more than tripled. moreover, rOS were detected on the sub-organelle level in compartments that are typically occupied by starch grains. this observation leads us to suspect that rOS function in that particular location is necessary for stomata closure. We therefore hypothesize that these rOS are involved in redox control that lead to the inactivation of starch degradation that takes place in these compartments, thus contributing to the stoma closure in an additional way.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Abscisic acid
  • Guard cells
  • Methyl jasmonate
  • Osmolytes
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Starch
  • Stomata

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